Programs by Department
194.2 Biological Sciences
All students in Honors and Specialization programs in Biological Science take a common core of four BIOL courses in the first and second years. Thereafter, they follow the course sequence of one of the areas of concentration in either Honors or Specialization in Biological Sciences identified in §194.2.4. Students must declare an area of concentration and follow the appropriate course sequence. The title of the area of concentration will appear on their degree. Additional course requirements for Honors students include BIOL 499 and program specific courses. BIOL 499, a directed research project, must be conducted on a topic appropriate to the student’s area of concentration. BIOL 499 is a recommended option for Specialization students.
Streams have been developed within several programs in Biological Sciences. These are lists of courses that provide guidance to students wishing to focus further on specific areas of Biology. Students in a program are not required to declare or follow a stream, and stream designations do not appear on transcripts. On the Course Sequence chart, available streams are noted under Years 3 and 4. Streams are described in full on the Department of Biological Sciences website. Students should consult with advisors in choosing and following streams within their programs.
Students may receive block Transfer in the Biological Sciences at the University of Calgary or the University of Lethbridge if the appropriate courses are completed. Interested students may contact the Department of Biological Sciences for details.
194.2.1 Honors in Biological Sciences (including Bioinformatics)
Continuation in the Honors in Biological Sciences program requires successful completion of at least 24 with a minimum 3.0 GPA in the previous Fall/Winter. In addition, graduation requires a minimum 3.0 GPA on the last 60 credited to the degree.
194.2.2 Specialization in Biological Sciences
Continuation in the Specialization in Biological Sciences program requires successful completion of at least 24 with a minimum 2.3 GPA in the previous Fall/Winter. In addition, graduation requires a minimum 2.3 GPA on all courses credited to the degree.
194.2.3 First-Year Core for BSc Honors and Specialization in Biological Sciences
The following courses are common to all programs:
BIOL 107, 108; CHEM 101, 164 or 261; MATH 113 or 114 or 120; STAT 151; 6 in Arts options (junior level ENGL or WRS recommended); 6 in program-specific courses (see individual programs for requirements and recommendations). SCI 100 may be used in lieu of BIOL 107, 108, CHEM 101, 164 and MATH 114.
194.2.4 Course Sequence in Biological Sciences
194.2.5 Industrial Internship Program
An Industrial Internship Program, similar to a co-op program, is offered to students in the Specialization or Honors programs in Biological Sciences (see §192.11 for guidelines to the program). The Industrial Internship designation will appear on the degree parchments of students who have participated in the program and who have also successfully completed BIOL 400.
Students approved to enter this stream register for a continuous sequence of Science Work Experience courses (WKEXP 955, 956, 957, 958), starting in May, September or January. During the program, students are considered full-time students of the University. Work experience courses have no weight and are graded credit/no credit, and recorded on the student's transcript. The Industrial Internship Program Advisor maintains contact at approximately four-month intervals with the student and the person designated by the employer to be responsible for the student's progress. This arrangement ensures satisfaction on all sides. If the review shows the situation is not satisfactory, the internship may be terminated and the student would then return to classes at the next available opportunity. The graduation requirements for the Industrial Internship program designation include successful completion of at least WKEXP 955 and 956 plus BIOL 400. BIOL 400 must be taken in the first term immediately following completion of the WKEXP period. If required by the employer, the student's written report and oral presentation in BIOL 400 may be classified confidential. The employer also assesses the student's performance during the work term. Based on the student's written report and oral presentation, and the report from the employer, students are awarded a grade in BIOL 400.
Interested students should see the Industrial Internship Advisor in the Department of Biological Sciences for more information.
194.2.6 General Program in Biological Sciences
A major or a minor area of concentration in the Biological Sciences is available in the BSc General program.
Courses which may be used toward a Biological Sciences major or minor include BIOCH; BIOIN; BIOL; BOT; CELL; ENT; GENET; IMIN; MA SC; MICRB; MMI (with the exception of MMI 133); NEURO; NU FS 363; PMCOL (with the exception of PMCOL 300); PALEO; PHYSL (with the exception of PHYSL 600) and ZOOL.
Courses in Biochemistry may be used for a concentration in Biological Sciences or Physical Sciences or Chemistry but not in more than one concentration.
Courses in Paleontology may be used in a concentration in Biological Sciences or Earth and Atmospheric Sciences but not in both.
Courses in Bioinformatics may be used in a concentration in Biological Sciences or Mathematical Sciences or a Computing Sciences minor but not in more than one concentration.
Note: It is not possible to combine a major or minor in the Biological Sciences with a minor or major in one of the specific subject disciplines in the Biological Sciences. For example, students may not select a major in the Biological Sciences and a minor in Microbiology.